Professor Jeremy Turk
MD, BSc (Hons), FRCPsych, FRCPCH, DCH
Jeremy Turk is a Consultant Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist in the Trust’s Behavioural Phenotype Learning Disabilities Service, and a Professor of Developmental Psychiatry at the Institute of Psychiatry.
Other roles include:
- Clinical Lead and Consultant Psychiatrist for the National and Specialist Child & Adolescent Mental Health Behavioural Phenotype Service
- Consultant Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist for Southwark Child & Adolescent Mental Health Neurodevelopmental Services
- Consultant Psychiatrist with the National Autistic Society, The Lorna Wing Centre
- President of the Royal Society of Medicine Intellectual Disability Forum
- Associate Editor for the American Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
- Member of the Editorial Board for the Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, Advances in Mental Health and Learning Disabilities
- Member of the Scientific and Clinical Advisory Committee for the International Fragile X Foundation
- Member of the Professional Advisory Committee for the UK Fragile X Society
- Member of the Down Syndrome Medical Interest Group
- Member of the Professional Advisory Committee for the Smith-Magenis Foundation
- Member of the Organising Committee at the Society for the Study of Behavioural Phenotypes
- Member of the Scientific Steering Committee for the Dancing Eye Syndrome Support Trust
- Member of the London Region Strategy Working Party on Child & Adolescent Mental Health and Learning Disability
- Invited member of the Committee of Inquiry into the Mental Health Needs of Young People with Learning Disabilities at the Foundation for People with Learning Disabilities (2001/2002)
- Invited member for the Department of Health and Clinical Services Improvement Partnership’s Working Party to Develop and Enhance Nationwide Services for Children and Young People with Intellectual Disability and Mental Health Issues
- First author of ‘Child & Adolescent Psychiatry: A Developmental Approach’, Oxford University Press
- Co-author of ‘Developing Mental Health Services for Children and Adolescents with Learning Disabilities: A Toolkit for Clinicians’, Royal College of Psychiatrists
Jeremy studied medicine at The Middlesex Hospital Medical School and psychology at University College London. He then took on higher training in paediatrics and psychiatry before becoming Clinical Lecturer in Child & Adolescent Psychiatry at Great Ormond Street Hospital and the Institute of Child Health. At the Institute of Child Health he completed a research doctorate thesis on the psychiatric, psychological and behavioural functioning of children with intellectual disabilities.
He took up his Senior Lectureship at St. George’s, University of London, in 1993, progressing through Readership to Professor. He began his current positions at the Trust and Institute of Psychiatry in September 2009.
Jeremy’s MD thesis covered his research on the association between the fragile X syndrome and disturbances of conduct, social functioning, hyperactivity and autism. Findings have been disseminated widely through conference presentations and proceedings, journal articles, book chapters and media coverage.
He has extensively researched the developmental and psychological aspects of a range of other genetic conditions, including: Down Syndrome, Smith-Magenis Syndrome, Cleidocranial Dysostosis, Dancing Eye Syndrome, Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy, Turner Syndrome, Cohen Syndrome, Neurofibromatosis, Chromosome 15 anomalies, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders, Autism Spectrum Conditions, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, Tic Disorders, Epilepsy and Sleep Disorders.
Jeremy has investigated and written on cognitive-behavioural psychotherapeutic approaches for children and young people with developmental disabilities, and has explored the possible benefits of various medications including folic acid, clonidine, melatonin, carbamazepine and SSRIs. He continues to research the relationship between neuropsychological, neurophysiological and neuroanatomical dysfunctions in fragile X syndrome, and the precise genetic abnormality. He also continues to investigate the trajectories of intellectual, social, communicatory and behavioural development, and the psychological status of fragile X female carriers and male premutation carriers.
He is interested in the psychological correlates of physical diseases including epilepsy, inflammatory bowel disease and leprosy.
Jeremy is passionate about the mental health needs and welfare of children and young people with developmental disabilities, and also those of their families. He engages frequently in advocacy activities that include school and social services meetings, tribunal appearances, teaching, lecturing and consultation, and support for individuals facing legal issues relating to their developmental disadvantage.
Turk, J. (1989) Forensic Aspects of Mental Handicap. British Journal of Psychiatry, 155, 591 594.
Turk, J., Marks, I.M. & Horder, J. (1990) Obsessive compulsive Disorder: Case Study & Discussion of Treatment. British Journal of General Practice, 40, 210 212.
Turk, J. & Lask, B. (1991) Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 66, 91-92.
Turk, J. & Lask, B. (1991) Pisa Syndrome in an Adolescent on Neuroleptic Medication. British Journal of Psychiatry, 158, 422-423.
Turk, J. (1992) The Fragile X Syndrome: On the Way to a Behavioural Phenotype. British Journal of Psychiatry, 160, 24-35.
Turk, J., Christie, D., Sales, J. & Surtees, R. (1993) The Psychiatric, Psychological & Behavioural Functioning of a Boy with Terminal Deletion of the Long Arm of Chromosome 10. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 35, 439-448.
Turk, J. (1995) Fragile X Syndrome. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 72, 3-5.
Turk, J. & Hill, P. (1995) Behavioural Phenotypes in Dysmorphic Syndromes. Clinical Dysmorphology, 4, 105-115.
El Abd, S., Turk, J. & Hill, P. (1995) Annotation: Psychological Characteristics of Turner Syndrome. Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 36, 1109-1125.
Turk, J. (1996) Working with Parents of Children who have Severe Learning Disabilities. Clinical Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 1, 581-596.
Turk, J. & Sales, J. (1996) Behavioural Phenotypes and their Relevance to Child Mental Health Professionals. Child Psychology & Psychiatry Review, 1, 4-11.
Turk, J. (1997) Traitements et Services pour les Personnes avec le Syndrome de l’X Fragile et leurs Familles. Approche Neuropsychologique des Apprentissages Chez L’enfant, 45, 232-238.
Turk, J. & Graham, P. (1997) Fragile X Syndrome, Autism and Autistic Features. Autism, 1, 175-197.
Barnicoat, A.J., Wang, Q., Turk, J., Green, E., Mathew, C.G. Flynn, G., Buckle, V., Hirst, M., Davies, K. & Bobrow, M. (1997) Clinical, Cytogenetic, and Molecular Analysis of Three Families with FRAXE. Journal of Medical Genetics, 34, 13-17.
Turk, J. (1998) Fragile X Syndrome and Attentional Deficits. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 11, 175-191.
Turk, J. & Cornish, K.M. (1998) Face Recognition and Emotion Perception in Boys with Fragile-X Syndrome. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 42, 490-499.
El Abd, S., Patton, M.A., Turk, J., Hoey, H. & Howlin, P. (1999) Social, communicational and behavioral deficits associated with ring X Turner syndrome. American Journal of Medical Genetics (Neuropsychiatric genetics), 88, 510-516.
Garner, C., Callias, M. & Turk, J. (1999) The Executive Function and Theory of Mind Performance of Young Men with Fragile X Syndrome. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 43, 466-474.
York, A., von Fraunhofer, N., Turk, J. & Sedgwick, P. (1999) Fragile X Syndrome, Down’s Syndrome and Autism: Awareness and Knowledge Amongst Special Educators. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 43, 314-324.
Sheldon, L. & Turk, J. (2000) Monozygotic Boys with Fragile X Syndrome. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 42, 768-774.
Turk, J. & Patton, M. (2000) Sensory Impairment & Head Circumference in Fragile X Syndrome, Down Syndrome and Idiopathic Intellectual Disability. Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability, 25, 59-68.
Sabaratnam, M., Turk, J. & Vroegop, P. (2000) Case Report: Autistic Disorder & Chromosomal Abnormality 46,XX duplication (4) p12-p13. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 9, 307-311.
Barlow, F. & Turk, J. (2001) Adolescents with Learning Disability & Psychiatric Illness – Two Case Reports. Clinical Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 6, 125-135.
Daryanani, R.M., Hindley, P., Evans, C., Fahy, P. & Turk, J. (2001) Ethnicity and Use of a Child and Adolescent Mental Health Service. Child Psychology & Psychiatry Review, 6, 127-132.
Garcia, R., Joseph, T., Turk, J. & Basu, R. (2002) A Comparison of Parent and Therapist Ratings of Outcome in a Child Mental Health Clinic. Child & Adolescent Mental Health, 7, 168-172.
Turk, J. (2002) Commentary on Yazbak and Wakefield: the new autism: one professional’s perspective. Clinical Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 7, 525-528.
Aziz, M., Stathopulu, E., Callias, M., Taylor, C., Turk, J., Oostra, B., Willemsen, R. & Patton, M. (2003) Clinical Features of Boys with Fragile X Premutations & Intermediate Alleles. American Journal of Medical Genetics Part B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics, 121B, 119-127.
Turk, J. (2003) Melatonin supplementation for severe and intractable sleep disturbance in young people with developmental disabilities: short review and commentary Journal of Medical Genetics, 40, 793-796.
Cornish, K., Sudhalter, V. & Turk, J. (2004) Attention & language in fragile X. Mental Retardation & Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews, 10, 11-16.
Karpf, J., Turk, J. & Howlin, P. (2004) Cognitive, language, and adaptive behavior profiles in individuals with a diagnosis of Cohen syndrome. Clinical Genetics, 65, 327-332.
Cornish, K.M., Turk, J., Wilding, J., Sudhalter, V., Munir, F., Kooy, F. & Hagerman, R. (2004) Annotation: Deconstructing the attention deficit in fragile X syndrome: a developmental neuropsychological approach. Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 45, 1042-1053.
Simic, M. & Turk, J. (2004) Autistic spectrum disorder associated with partial duplication of chromosome 15; three case reports. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 13, 389-393.
Cornish, K., Kogan, C., Turk, J., Manly, T., James, N., Mills, A. & Dalton, A. (2005) The emerging fragile X premutation phenotype: evidence from the domain of social cognition. Brain and Cognition, 57, 53-60.
Mukherjee, R.A.S., Hollins, S., Abou-Saleh, M.T. & Turk, J. (2005) Low level alcohol consumption and the fetus. British Medical Journal, 330, 375-376.
Ingrassia, A. & Turk, J. (2005) The use of clonidine for severe and intractable sleep problems in children with neurodevelopmental disorders: a case series. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 14, 34-40.
Howlin, P., Karpf, J. & Turk, J. (2005) Behavioural characteristics and autistic features in individuals with Cohen Syndrome. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 14, 57-64.
Turk, J., Robbins, I. & Woodhead, M. (2005) Post-traumatic stress disorder in young people with intellectual disability. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 49, 872-875.
Turk, J. (2005) The developmental psychiatry manifesto. Clinical Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 10, 617-621.
Richards, J., Turk, J. & White, S. (2005) Children and adolescents with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome in non specialist settings: Beliefs, Functional Impairment and Psychiatric Disturbance. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 14, 310-318.
Wentz, E., Lacey, J.H, Waller, G., Rastam, E., Turk, J. & Gillberg, C. (2005) Childhood onset neuropsychiatric disorders in adult eating disorder patients. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 14, 431-437.
Philip, R. & Turk, J. (2006) Neurofibromatosis & attentional deficits: an illustrative example of the common association of medical causes with behavioural syndromes, implications for general child mental health services. Child & Adolescent Mental Health, 11, 89-93.
Mukherjee, R.A.S., Hollins, S. & Turk, J. (2006) Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: an overview. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 99, 298-302.
McBrien, H., Turk, J. & Letch, N. (2006) The management of ADHD & associated problems in a young person with cleidocranial dysostosis (CCD) & mild intellectual disability. Clinical Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 11, 445-456.
Richards, J., Chaplin, R., Starkey, C. & Turk, J. (2006) Illness beliefs in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: a study involving affected adolescents and their parents. Child & Adolescent Mental Health, 11, 198-203.
Garcia, R. & Turk, J. (2007) The applicability of Webster Stratton parenting programs to deaf children with emotional and behavioural problems and their families: annotation and case report. Clinical Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 12, 125-136.
Mukherjee, R., Eastman, N., Turk, J. & Hollins, S. (2007) Fetal alcohol syndrome: law & ethics. Lancet, 369, 1149-1150.
Cornish, K., Turk, J. & Levitas, A. (2007) Fragile X syndrome & autism: common developmental pathways? Current Pediatric Reviews, 3, 61-68.
Shelley, B.P., Robertson, M.M. & Turk, J. (2007) An individual with Gilles de la Tourette syndrome and Smith-Magenis microdeletion syndrome: is chromosome 17p11.2 a candidate region for Tourette syndrome putative susceptibility genes? Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 51, 620-624.
Turk, J. (2007) Behavioural phenotypes: their applicability to children and young people who have intellectual disability. Advances in Mental Health in Learning Disabilities, 1, 4-13.
Freeman, L. & Turk, J. (2007) FraX-E: underdiagnosed, undertreated, under-researched & misunderstood? Advances in Mental Health in Learning Disabilities, 1, 40-51.
Cornish, K., Turk, J. & Hagerman, R.J. (2008 June) The fragile X continuum: new advances and perspectives. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 52, 469-482.
Schneider, S.A., Robertson, M.M., Ritzo, R., Turk, J., Bhatia, K.P. & Orth, M. (2008 June) Fragile X syndrome associated with tic disorders. Movement Disorders, 23, 1108-1112.
Kogan, C.S., Turk, J., Hagerman, R.J. & Cornish, K.M. (2008 September) Impact of the fragile X mental retardation 1 (FMR1) gene premutation on neuropsychiatric functioning in adult males without fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome: a controlled study. Neuropsychiatric Genetics, 147B, 859-872.
Mijovic, A. & Turk, J. (2008) Behavioral phenotypes and child and adolescent mental health. Current Medical Literature Pediatrics, 21, 1-9.
Cornish, K.M., Li, L., Kogan, C.S., Jacquemont, S., Turk, J., Dalton, A., Hagerman, R.J. & Hagerman, P.J. (2008 June) Age-dependent cognitive changes in carriers of the fragile X syndrome. Cortex, 44, 628-636.
Levitas, A.S., Turk, J., Bramble, D. & Hurley, A.D. (2008) Antipsychotics for aggression unrelated to a psychiatric diagnosis. Mental Health Aspects of Developmental Disabilities, 11, 65-68.
Turk, J., Bax, M., Williams, C., Amin, P., Eriksson, M. & Gillberg, C. (2009 March) Autism Spectrum Disorder in Children with and without Epilepsy: Impact on Social Functioning and Communication. Acta Paediatrica Scandinavia, 98, 675-681.
Cornish, K.M., Kogan, C.S., Li, L., Turk, J., Jacquemont, S. & Hagerman, R.J. (2009 April) Lifespan changes in working memory in fragile X premutation males. Brain & Cognition, 69, 551-558.
Chandrasena, A.N., Mukherjee, R.A.S. & Turk, J. (2009 October) Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: an overview of interventions for affected individuals. Child & Adolescent Mental Health, 14, 162-167.
Turk, J. (2009) Behavioural phenotypes in relation to ADHD. ADHD in Practice, 1, (3), 8-12.
Courtenay, K., Soni, S., Strydom, A. & Turk, J. (2009 October) Behavioural phenotypes & mental disorders. Psychiatry, 8, 391-397.
Turk, J. (2010 March) Sleep disorders in children and adolescents with learning disabilities and their management. Advances in Mental Health in Learning Disabilities, 4, 50-59.
Amin, P., Chapman, J., Besag, F. & Turk, J. (2009) Epilepsy and autistic spectrum disorders: implications of the co-occurrence of two common and important neurodevelopmental disorders. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, in press.
Turk, J., Mijovic, A. & Foreman, D. (2009) A distinctive pattern of social and behavioural functioning in boys with fragile X syndrome. Neuropsychiatric Genetics, in preparation.
Non peer reviewed publications:
Turk, J. (1981) A Difficult Child. Interplay, 42, 23 25. (magazine of the Council for Colony Holidays for Schoolchildren)
Turk, J. (1981) Does Health Education Create Stigma? Lepra News, 42.
Turk, J., Loza, N., Kasinski, J., Katz, R., Mcguffin, P. & Murray, R. (1988) The Bethlem & Maudsley Hospital Item Sheets (B MIS) The Development & Reliability of an Instrument for Routine Collection of Summary Clinical Data. Psychiatric Bulletin, 12, 422 426.
Turk, J. (1990) Clues to the Detection of Fragile X. Speech Therapy in Practice, 6, 4-5.
Turk, J. (1991) Fragile X Syndrome: A Common Cause of Mental Retardation. Maternal & Child Health, 16, 228-232.
Turk, J., Daoud, W., Hyde, C., Saedi, K. & Jones, B. (1991) Paediatric Assessment Clinic Liaison: Collaborative Management in a Child Development Unit. Newsletter of the Association for Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 13, 16-19.
Turk, J. (1992) The Fragile X Syndrome: Recent Developments. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 5, 677-682.
Giannopoulou, I. & Turk, J. (1992) Clues to the Detection of Fragile X Syndrome. Health Visitor, 65, 113-114.
Turk, J. & Zwink, L. (1993) Autism & the Fragile X Syndrome. Communication, 27, 10-11.
Turk, J. (1994) First Ever European Fragile X Conference. Equal Voices, September edition, 11.
Spender, Q., Hill, P., Turk, J., Dawkins, J. & Cameron, M. (1995) St. George’s Student Handbook of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, London: Section of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, St. George’s Hospital Medical School.
Barnett, D. & Turk, J. (2003) Specific Disorders & Your Child’s Behaviour; A Parent’s Guide to Behavioural Phenotypes. London: Contact-a-Family.
Aziz, M. & Turk, J. (2004) Clinical Features of Boys with Fragile X Premutations & Intermediate Alleles. Fragile X Society Research Supplement. Great Dunmow: Fragile X Society.
Mijovic, A., Turk, J., Hinton, V. & Poysky, J. (2006) Behavioural Concerns. In: PPUK Learning and Behaviour Toolkit for Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy. London: PPUK. Pp. 30-34.
Graham, P.J., Turk, J. & Verhulst, F. (1999) Child Psychiatry: A Developmental Approach (3rd edition). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Turk, J., Graham, P.J. & Verhulst, F. (2007) Child & Adolescent Psychiatry: A Developmental Approach (4th edition). Oxford: Oxford University Press. (commended in mental health BMA 2008 medical book awards)
Bernard, S. & Turk, J. (2009) Developing Mental Health Services for Children & Adolescents with Learning Disabilities; a Toolkit for Clinicians. London: Royal College of Psychiatrists.
Turk, J. (1993) Cognitive Approaches to the Treatment of Eating Disorders in Children. In: Childhood Onset Anorexia Nervosa & Related Eating Disorders, (eds: Lask, B. & Bryant-Waugh, R.), pp. 177-190. Hove: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Turk, J., Hagerman, R.J., Barnicoat, A. & McEvoy, J. (1994) The Fragile X Syndrome. In: Mental Health & Mental Retardation – Recent Advances & Practices, (ed: Bouras, N.), pp. 135-153. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Turk, J. (1996) Tertiary Prevention of Childhood Mental Health Problems. In: The Prevention of Mental Illness in Primary Care, (eds: Kendrick, T., Tylee, A. & Feeling, P.), pp. 265-280. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Graham, P.J. & Turk, J. (1996) Psychiatric Aspects of Pediatric Disorders. In: Lewis, M. (ed.), Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, A Comprehensive Textbook, 2nd edition. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins.
Turk, J. (1997) The Mental Health Needs of Children with Learning Disabilities. In: Mental Health in Learning Disabilities, Training Package, (eds.: Holt, G., Kon, Y. & Bouras, N.). Brighton: Pavilion Publications.
Turk, J. (1997) Chromosomal Abnormalities. In: Cambridge Handbook of Psychology, Health & Medicine, (eds.: Baum, A., Newman, S., Weinman, J., West, R. & McManus, C.), pp. 404-408. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Turk, J. (1998) Children with Learning Difficulties and their Parents. In: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy for Children & Families, (ed.: Graham, P.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Turk, J. & O’Brien, G. (2002) Counselling Parents & Carers of Individuals with Behavioural Phenotypes. In: Behavioural Phenotypes in Clinical Practice, (ed.: O’Brien, G.). London: MacKeith Press. Pp. 152-168.
Turk, J. (2003) The Importance of Diagnosis (15-19), Behaviours & Management (132-143), Medication Matters (149-155), Support for Individuals with Fragile X Syndrome & their Families (181-187). In: Educating Children with Fragile X Syndrome, (ed.: Dew-Hughes, D.). London: Routledge Falmer.
Turk, J. (2004) Children with developmental disabilities & their parents. In: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy for Children & Families, 2nd edition (ed.: Graham, P.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Pp. 244-262.
Turk, J. (2005) The Mental Health Needs of Children with Learning Disabilities. In: Mental Health & Learning Disabilities, A Training Resource, (eds.: Holt, G., Hardy, S. & Bouras, N.). Brighton: Pavilion Publications.
Turk, J. (2007) Chromosomal abnormalities. In: Cambridge Handbook of
Psychology, Health & Medicine (2nd Edition), (eds.: Ayers, S., Baum, A., McManus, C., Newman, S., Wallston, K., Weinman, J. & West, R.) Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press. Pp. 625-629.
Video contributions & appearances:
Fragile X Society (1998) Fragile X syndrome: the commonest inherited cause of learning disability. Clearfocus Productions, funded by Hayward Foundation.
Biswas, A. & Datta, S. (2005) Working with worries: generating awareness of autism in ethnic minority groups. King’s Fund Millennium Awards.