Professor Stephen Scott

BSc, MB BChir (Cantab), FRCP, FRCPsych

Consultant Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist | Professor of Child Health and Behaviour

Stephen Scott is a Consultant Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist in the CAMHS Adoption and Fostering Service and the Conduct Problems Service. He is also a Professor of Child Health and Behaviour at the Institute of Psychiatry, King’s College London and He is the Director of the National Academy for Parenting Research, London.

Other roles

  • Director of the National Adoption and Fostering Team at Maudsley Hospital
  • Director of the National Conduct Problems Team at Maudlsey Hospital
  • Director of the National Multidimensional Treatment Foster Care Project in England
  • Director of the Fostering Changes Project in England
  • Member of the advisory board to the World Psychiatric Association’s Programme on Global Child Mental Health
  • Member of the advisory board to the International Association for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Allied Professions (IACAPAP)
  • Member of the advisory board to European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
  • Academic Secretary for the Child and Adolescent Faculty of the Royal College of Psychiatrists from 2004 to 2008
  • Expert Adviser for the Prime Minister’s Strategy Unit and Cabinet Office Committee on Antisocial Behaviour
  • Member of the Respect Taskforce – headed by Louise Casey and chaired by the Rt. Hon Tony Blair, Prime Minister – between 2005 and 2007
  • Member of the Department of Health’s Child Health Promotion Programme Expert Group, chaired by Dr Sheila Shribman, in 2008
  • Psychiatric expert on the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) health technology assessment on parent training programmes for conduct disorder
  • Author of the introductory textbook Child Psychiatry, with Robert Goodman (Blackwell Science, 2nd edition 2005)
  • Editor and author of four chapters on Rutter’s Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (5th Edition, Blackwell Science 2008)

Awards include:

  • 2008: ‘2008 Award Winner’ from the Association for the Advancement of Evidence-based Practice, Denver, USA
  • 2006: The South London and Maudsley Trust winner of the ‘Using Research to Improve Practice’ Award
  • 2001: Healthcare Foundation Leadership Development Award, 2001
  • 1994: Wellcome Trust Research Training Fellowship

Background

Professor Scott studied at Cambridge University and the Royal London Hospital. He worked as a paediatrician for five years, including periods at the Brompton Hospital and Great Ormond Street, before training in child and adolescent psychiatry at the Maudsley under Professor Sir Michael Rutter and Professor Eric Taylor.

Research

As Director of the National Academy for Parenting Research, Professor Scott runs a team of 55 people investigating aspects of how best to improve parenting in order to enhance child outcomes. This includes:

  • A randomised controlled trial on Fostering Changes, a British programme for foster carers
  • The Helping Children Achieve trial, which compares the impact of (1) helping parents of five and six year olds read with their child, (2) relationship improvement programmes, and (3) both in combination
  • Developing a new programme for parents with high needs
  • A randomised controlled trial of Functional Family Therapy for serious teenage antisocial behaviour and delinquency
  • The measurement of parenting
  • An economic evaluation on the cost effectiveness of parenting intervention programmes, in conjunction with the London School of Economics

He has been involved in papers on the economic cost of conduct disorders, and on three randomised controlled trials that cover the effectiveness of parent training in clinical practice, preventively in schools, and then disseminating it less expensively (see publication list).

A follow-up study was also carried out on the effectiveness of parent training, including its effectiveness in preventing the development of personality disorders.

Published

Scott S & Richards MPM (1979) Effect of nursing low birthweight babies on wool. Lancet, i, 1028-1029

Scott S, Lucas P, Cole T & Richards MPM (1983) Weight gain and movement patterns of very low birthweight babies nursed on lambswool. Lancet, ii, 1014-1016

Bolton P, Macdonald H, Murphy M, Scott S, Yuzda E, Whitlock B, Pickles A, & Rutter M (1991) Genetic findings and heterogeneity in autism. Psychiatric Genetics, 2, 57-82

Bailey A, Bolton P, Butler L, Le Couteur A, Murphy M, Scott S, Webb T & Rutter M (1993) Prevalence of the fragile X anomaly amongst autistic twins and singletons. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 34, 673-688

Jaffa A, Scott S, Harris-Hendricks J, & Shapiro C (1993) ABC of sleep disorders in children British Medical Journal, 306, 640-643

Scott S (1995) Disobedient and Aggressive Children. Part 1: Causes. Maternal and Child Health, 20, 1, 17-20

Scott S (1995) Disobedient and Aggressive Children. Pt 2: Management. Maternal & Child Health, 20, 2, 44-50

Spender Q & Scott S (1996) Conduct Disorder. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 9, 273-277

Scott S (1996) Measuring oppositional and aggressive behaviour. Child Psychology and Psychiatry Review, 1, 104-109

Spender Q & Scott S (1997) Management of antisocial behaviour in childhood. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 3, 128-137

Scott S (1998) Aggressive behaviour in Childhood. British Medical Journal, 316, 202-206

Scott S (1998) Medical investigations in adolescents with learning disability and schizophrenia compared with other psychiatric diagnoses. Schizophrenia Research, 29, 49-50

Scott S (1998) Conduct Disorder. Chapter in P Howlin (editor) Behavioural approaches to problems in childhood. Clinics in Developmental Medicine, 146, 1-27 London: Mac Keith/Cambridge University Press.

Goodman R and Scott S (1999) The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire and the Child Behaviour Checklist: Is small beautiful? Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 27, 17-24

Knapp M, Scott S & Davies J (1999) The cost of antisocial behaviour in younger children: a pilot study of economic and family impact Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 4, 457-473

Chandani K, Prince MJ, Scott S (1999) Development and initial validation of the Parent-child Joint Activity Scale: A measure of joint engagement in activities between parent and pre-school child. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research 8, 219-228

Scott S, Campbell C. (2000) Expressed Emotion about children: reliability and validity of a Camberwell Family Interview for Childhood (CFI-C). International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research 9, 3 –10

Bailey V, Scott S (2000) Common behavioural problems in the under fives. Current Paediatrics 10, 264-268.

Scott S (2001) Interventions to help parents who are having difficulty handling and controlling young children. Recent Advances in Paediatrics, 19, 139-150

Scott S. (2001) Deciding whether interventions for antisocial behaviour work: principles of outcome assessment and practice in a multicentre trial. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 10, 59-70

Scott S, Knapp M, Henderson J and Maughan B. (2001) Financial cost of social exclusion: follow up study of antisocial children into adulthood. British Medical Journal 323 191-194

Scott S, Spender Q, Doolan M, Jacobs B and Aspland H. (2001) Multicentre controlled trail of parenting groups for child antisocial behaviour in clinical practice. British Medical Journal 323 194-197

Scott S (2002) Disseminating useful information to professionals about child and adolescent mental health: survey of readers’ views. Child and Adolescent Mental Health 7 1-2

Pallett C, Scott S, Blackeby K, Yule W and Weissman R (2002) Fostering changes: a cognitive-behavioural approach to help foster carers manage children. Adoption and fostering 26 (1) 39-48

Scott S (2002) Disseminating information in Child and Adolescent Mental Heath (2): Qualitative content analysis of readers’ views. Child and Adolescent Mental Health 7 50-52

Scott S. (2002) Classification of psychiatric disorders in childhood and adolescence: building castles in the sand? Advances in Psychiatric Treatment 8 205-213

Chandani K, Scott S, Prince MJ (2003) Time budgets of pre-school children’s mothers: an analysis of mother- child joint activities. British Journal of Developmental Psychology 21 272-283

Chandani K, Prince, MJ, Scott S (2003) Mother-child joint activity and behaviour problems of pre-school children. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 44 1037-1048

Scott S (2003) Integrating attachment theory with other approaches to developmental psychopathology. Attachment and human development 5 307-312

Scott S (2005) Do parenting programmes for severe child antisocial behaviour work over the longer term, and for whom? 1 year follow up of a multi-centre controlled trial. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 33, 403-421

Scott S (2005) Parent training. Psychiatry, 4, 126-128

Woolgar M, Scott S (2005) Evidence-based management of conduct disorders. Current Opinion in Psychiatry 18, 392-396

Romeo R, Knapp M, Scott S (2006) The economic cost of severe antisocial behaviour in children, and who for pays it. British Journal of Psychiatry 188, 547-553

Scott S (2006) Improving children’s lives, preventing criminality: Where next? The Psychologist 19, 484-487

Scott S (2006) Does SureStart work? The Psychologist

Warman A, Pallett C, Scott S (2006) Process and Outcomes in the Fostering Changes Programme: Foster carers learning from each other. Adoption and Fostering 30, 17-28

Scott S (2007) parent training for childhood conduct disorders: parent programmes are effective but training and provision are inadequate BMJ 334, 646-647

Scott S (2008) An update on interventions for conduct disorder. Advances in psychiatric treatment 14, 61-70

Scott S (2008) Parenting programmes for attachment and conduct problems. Psychiatry, 7, 367-370

Sylva K, Scott S, Totsika V, Ereky-Stevens K and Crook C (2008) Teaching parents to help their children read: a randomized controlled trial. British Journal of Educational Psychology 78, 435–455

Rubia K, Halari R, Smith A, Mohammed M, Scott S, Giampietro V, Taylor E, and Brammer M (2008) Dissociated Functional Brain Abnormalities of Inhibition in Boys With Pure Conduct Disorder and in Boys With Pure Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry 165, 889-897

Futh, A. O’Connor, TG, Matias, C, Green J, Scott, S. (2008). Attachment Narratives and Behavioural and Emotional Symptoms in an Ethnically Diverse, At-Risk Sample. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 47, 709-718

Rubia K, Halari R, Smith A, Mohammad M, Scott S and Brammer M (2009). Shared and disorder-specific prefrontal abnormalities in boys with pure Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder compared to boys with pure CD during interference inhibition and attention allocation Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 50, 669-678

Moran P, Rowe R, Flach C, Briskman J, Ford T, Maughan B, Scott S and Goodman R. (2009) The predictive value of callous-unemotional traits in a large community sample Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry 48, 1079-1084

Scott, S & Dadds, M (2009) When parent training doesn’t work: Theory-driven clinical strategies. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 50, 1441-1450

Scott, S, Sylva, K, Doolan, M, Price, J, Jacobs, B, Crook, C and Landau, S. (2010) Randomized controlled trial of parent groups for child antisocial behaviour targeting multiple risk factors: the SPOKES project. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 51, 48-57

Scott S (2010) National dissemination of effective parenting programmes to improve child outcomes. British Journal of Psychiatry 196, 1-3

Rubia K, Halari R, Cubillo A, Mohammad M, Scott S and Brammer M (in press) Disorder-specific inferior frontal dysfunction in boys with pure Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder compared to boys with pure CD during cognitive flexibility Human Brain Mapping

Scott S, Briskman, J & Dadds, M (in press) Measuring parenting in community and public health research using brief child and parent reports. Journal of Child and Family Studies.

Scott, S, O’Connor T, Futh A, Price J, Matias C & Doolan M. (in press) Impact of a parenting program in a high-risk, multi-ethnic community: The PALS trial Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry

Authored books

Goodman R & Scott S (1997) Child Psychiatry. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications

Goodman R, Scott S, Rothenberger A (2000) Kinderpsychiatrie. Darmstadt: Steinkopf (revised and expanded German edition)

Goodman R & Scott S (2000) Psychiatria dzieci i mlodziezy Warsaw: Wydawnictwo Medyczne (Polish edition)

Goodman R & Scott S (2005) Child Psychiatry (2nd edn) Oxford: Blackwell Publishing

Pallett C, Blackeby K, Yule W, Weissman R & Scott S (2005) Fostering changes: how to improve relationships and manage difficult behaviour. A training programme for foster carers. London: British Association for Adoption and Fostering

Scott S, O’Connor T, and Futh A. (2006) What makes parenting programmes work in disadvantaged areas? The PALS trial. York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation

O’Connor, T.G., & Scott, S. (2007). Parenting and Outcomes for Children. York: The Joseph Rowntree Foundation. www.jrf.org.uk/bookshop/details.asp?pubID=910

Pallett C, Blackeby K, Yule W, Weissman R & Scott S (2008) Managing difficult behaviour: a handbook for foster-carers of under 12s. London: British Association for Adoption and Fostering

Edited books

Yule W & Scott S (2007) Fostering, adoption and alternative care. London: Association for Child and Adolescent Mental Health

M Rutter, D Bishop, D Pine, S Scott, J Stevenson, E Taylor and A Thapar (2008) Rutter’s Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (fifth edition) Oxford: Blackwell

Book chapters

Scott S & Freeman NH (1974) Cognitive operations in the judgement of line length. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the British Psychological Society

Scott S & Butollo W (1975) Fruherkennung der Verhaltensstoerungen bei Kindern. Beruf Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Nr 4079

Scott S & Richards MPM (1981) Lambswool is safer for babies. (letter) Lancet, i, 556

Scott S, Lucas P, Cole T & Richards MPM (1984) Nursing the premature infant: what type of sheet? (letter) Lancet, i, 348

Scott S (1990) Sleep state and cot death. (letter) British Medical Journal, 301, 493-494

Scott S (1990) Physical Development. Chapter in The Teaching of Child Care in the Diploma in Social Work. London, Central Council for Education and Training in Social Work

Scott S (1991) The autistic dimension. (letter) Lancet, 337, 1192-1193

Scott S (1994) Mental Retardation. Chapter in: M. Rutter, E. Taylor & L Hersov. (Eds), Child and Adolescent Psychiatry: Modern Approaches (3rd Edn). pp 616-646 Oxford: Blackwell Scientific.

Scott S (1996) Discipline and your child. In: Mental Health and Growing Up: Factsheets for Parents, Teachers and Young People London, Gaskell

Scott S (1996) Behaviour problems and conduct disorder. In: Mental Health and Growing Up: Factsheets for Parents, Teachers and Young People London, Gaskell

Scott S (1999) Dealing with temper tantrums. In: Mental Health and Growing Up: Factsheets for Parents, Teachers and Young People (2nd edn) London, Gaskell

Scott S (2000) Conduct disorders in childhood and adolescence. Chapter in MG Gelder, JJ Lopez-Ibor NC Andreason (editors) New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry Oxford: Oxford University Press

Scott S. (2000) Developmental psychopathology and classification in childhood and adolescence. Chapter in MG Gelder, JJ Lopez-Ibor & NC Andreason (editors) New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry Oxford: Oxford University Press

Scott S (2002) Parent training programmes. Chapter in M Rutter and E Taylor (eds) Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (fourth edition) Oxford: Blackwell

Scott S. (2002) Parent training: where are we now? Chapter in W Yule (ed) Parenting: Applications in clinical practice. London: Association for Child Psychology and Psychiatry.

Scott S (2002) World Health Organization Guide to Mental Health in Primary Care (Conduct Disorder section) London, Royal Society of Medicine Press.

Scott S, Spender Q, Doolan M, Jacobs B, Aspland H (2002) Studio multicentro controllato di gruppi di formazione genitoriale in material di comportamento antisociale infantile nella prassi clinica. Chapter in G Serpelloni & G Gerra (eds) Vulnerabilita all’addiction Venice, Italy: Regione Veneto Assessorato alle Politiche Sociali, al Volontariato e Non-Profit.

Scott S and Lindsey C (2003) Therapeutic approaches in adoption. Chapter in H Argent (ed) Models of Adoption Support pp209-240 London: British Association for Adoption and Fostering

Scott S (2003) Childhood antecedents of juvenile delinquency. Chapter in S Bailey & M Dolan (editors) Adolescent Forensic Psychiatry Oxford: Butterworth Heinemann

Scott S (2003) Work with parents. Chapter in E Garralda and C Hyde (eds) Managing children with psychiatric problems (2nd edn) London: BMJ books

Scott S (2003) Effective treatment for conduct disorder. Chapter in R Gupta and D Parry Gupta (eds) Children and parents: clinical issues London: Wiley

Scott S (2004) Conduct Disorder. Section in Jenkins R et al WHO Guide to Mental and Neurological Health in Primary Care. London: Royal Society of Medicine Press.

Sutton C, Utting D, Farrington D, Scott S et al (2004) Support from the Start. Working with young children and their families to reduce the risks of crime and antisocial behaviour. London: Department for Education and Skills

Scott S (2004) Will interventions to prevent excessive aggression ever prove cost-effective? Chapter in L Levitt and D Hall (eds) Social and moral development: emerging evidence on the toddler years. Princeton, NJ: Johnson and Johnson Pediatric Institute

Scott S (2004) Outcomes of treatment. Chapter in Remschmidt H, Belfer M, and Goodyer I (eds) Facilitating pathways: care, treatment and prevention in child and adolescent mental health Berlin: Springer

Roberts R, Jones H, & Scott S (2004) Treatment Foster Care in England. Chapter in Ann Wheal (ed) RHP Companion to Foster Care (2nd edition). Lyme Regis, Dorset: Russell House Publishing

Scott S (2005) Conduct Disorders. Chapter in Gillberg C, Harrington RC, Steinhausen H-C (eds) Clinician’s Deskbook of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Scott S (2005) Conduct disorders. Chapter in Malhotra S (ed) Mental Disorders in Children and Adolescents: Need and Strategies for Intervention. New Delhi: CBS Publishers

O’Connor TG, Scott S (2006) Promoting Children’s Adjustment: Parenting research from the perspective of risk and protection. Chapter in Garralda M E and Flament M (Eds) Working with Children and Adolescents: an evidence-based approach to risk and resilience. Lanham, Maryland, USA: Rowman & Littlefield Publishing Group.

Scott, S (2007) Fostering, adoption and alternative care. In W Yule & S Scott (eds) Fostering, adoption and alternative care. Pp5-7. London: Association for Child and Adolescent Mental Health

Collett B, Scott S, Rockhill C, Speltz M, & McClellan J (2008) Oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder. Chapter in P Tyrer and K Silk (eds) Cambridge Handbook of Effective Treatments in Psychiatry. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Moffitt T and Scott S (2008) Conduct Disorders. Chapter in M Rutter, D Bishop, D Pine, S Scott, J Stevenson, E Taylor and A Thapar (eds) Rutter’s Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (fifth edition) Oxford: Blackwell

Bailey S and Scott S (2008) Juvenile Delinquency Chapter in M Rutter, D Bishop, D Pine, S Scott, J Stevenson, E Taylor and A Thapar (eds) Rutter’s Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (fifth edition) Oxford: Blackwell

Scott S and Yule W (2008) Behavioural therapies Chapter in M Rutter, D Bishop, D Pine, S Scott, J Stevenson, E Taylor and A Thapar (eds) Rutter’s Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (fifth edition) Oxford: Blackwell

Scott S (2008) parenting programs. Chapter in M Rutter, D Bishop, D Pine, S Scott, J Stevenson, E Taylor and A Thapar (eds) Rutter’s Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (fifth edition) Oxford: Blackwell

Scott S & Maughan B. (2008) Mental Health. Chapter in R Layard and J Dunn (eds) A Good Childhood. Pp 113-128. London: Penguin

Scott S (2009) Conduct disorders in childhood and adolescence. Chapter in MG Gelder, JJ Lopez-Ibor NC Andreason and J Geddes (editors) New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry (2nd edition) Oxford: Oxford University Press

Scott S. (2009) Developmental psychopathology and classification in childhood and adolescence. Chapter in MG Gelder, JJ Lopez-Ibor & NC Andreason and J Geddes (editors) New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry (2nd edition) Oxford: Oxford University Press

Scott S. (2009) Briefing Note for NICE Clinical Guideline on Recognition, Identification and management of Conduct Disorder in Children and Young People. London: National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence

Scott, S (2010) Nationwide Dissemination of Effective Parenting Interventions: Building a Parenting Academy for England. in John Weisz and Alan Kazdin (eds) Evidence-Based Psychotherapies for Children and Adolescents, (Second Edition). New York; Guilford

Scott, S (2010) Supporting Parenting. Contribution to M Woodhead and J Oates (eds) Early Childhood in Focus. Number 5. Milton Keynes: Open University Press

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